Old hymns, weird words: is ‘traditional’ worship stuck in the past?
Welcome to, what is intended to be a three-post series on music worship in and out of church. Essentially, our two styles of worship today can be broadly labelled ‘traditional’ or ‘modern’. The aim of these posts is to explore both, and to address certain divisions which differing worship styles have caused. My aim is not to merely bash both of them, but to look at what best glorifies the Lord and helps us to grow as believers. We start off focusing on traditional worship, mainly hymns and psalms unaccompanied or with an organ or piano.
I must stress that no offence is meant to anyone, but that a dialogue may begin, and perhaps we can listen to each other. I feel I have been led by the Spirit to talk about such things, He has laid unity on my heart and I feel a burning desire to write this.
Before we move on, let’s just get a bit of focus – what is the purpose of worship? It is to glorify God and His Son, our mediator, the Lord Jesus Christ. Along with the Bible and prayer it is a primary means of growing in Christ, by His grace.
“Let everything that has breath praise the LORD. Praise the LORD!” – Psalm 150:6.
“O magnify the Lord with me, and let us exalt His name together!” (Psalm 34:3)
“Be filled with the Spirit, speaking to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and make music from your heart to the Lord, always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.” – Ephesians 5:18b-20.
Worship of course is not just music, it is our lives. We are meant to delight in the Lord, to live out lives that represent Christ. But in terms of music, it’s meant to a celebration, a joyous occasion, a spiritual praise to God and thanks to Him who has done so much for us. It’s there to help us focus our eyes on Him, to get us engaged with Him. Worship should be about praising Jesus and the Father, lifting them all up above the noise of the world regardless of our situation. In doing so, we should also feel closer to God, and feel his presence. Worship should not be based on ourselves, on what we are used to, or what we have grown up with, it’s not to be stuck in the past, but should be continuing to edifying Jesus.
The problem with the modern day church is that music has become one of the most divisive issues of our times. We argue, we have become arrogant and it’s ridiculous. Let’s put Jesus back into the heart of everything we do.
Traditional Worship can be great
Traditional worship is perhaps best represented by the hymns of Wesley, Newton, Cowper and Watts, men greatly blessed by the Holy Spirit, in their teaching and hymn writing. Their lives show a real passion for Jesus and this can be seen in their works. In some ways they were the Chris Tomlin’s, the Matt Redman’s, the Lloyd-Jones’ of their times. Their lives are an inspiration to us, but of course through it all it was God using them, like He uses people today. When we look at their hymns, we should realise that it is God speaking to them, to us, that the words in their hymns are rich and can benefit us as believers, in our blessings and in our sufferings.
Traditional worship should never be ignored or shelved. The deep and powerful words of an old hymn really allow us to learn more of our God. Hymns help us to explore God and to understand what He’s all about. In sum, most hymns feed us a little bit of doctrine and that is good. They help us grow in faith and in our walk with Christ, acting as watchwords for our lives. The same can be said with psalms, which are of course found in the Bible. Their richness should never be underestimated, and should be welcomed by all churches, even those with a more ‘modern’ outlook on worship. They are great blessings which should be treasured.
When we look at the style of music typically used in ‘traditional’ worship, a simple piano or organ allows us to focus on the words, it’s a less instrumental form of worship and one that can be very effective. Even today in modern churches, the piano is still an important instrument! The difference being is that traditional worship favours it being played unaccompanied with no worship leaders, guitars or drums. The focus is put onto the congregation and their voices lifting God up.
Traditional worship can be not so great
So far, so good, but traditional worship has its flaws, and hopefully by bringing them to your attention, the church can address the issues. By not addressing them, we risk alienating younger folk, as well as missing out on rich spiritual blessings.
Most of the hymns in traditional hymnbooks come from roughly between 1700 and 1900. Common criticisms are that the language is askew, the tunes old hat and the joy of the Lord, which is our strength (Nehemiah 8:10b), in the congregation seems to be lacking.
Sometimes when you look at some of the wording, you feel like you need an eighteenth century dictionary just to understand it! Or sometimes the tune is so slow or hard to sing and that it just does not stir the heart. The singing is poor and halting; everybody sings in low monotones. Does traditional worship really engage the congregation anymore? Do we focus on this style because of tradition? And why do we insist of only having a piano/organ instrument? What did the church do before this invention? It must have been very hard for them! I wonder how the early church coped without Charles Wesley’s hymns and their hymn books; perhaps they used music and songs from their own time. The problem with today is that tradition has been added to Jesus and our worship stifled. It’s got to the point where we think that if Christians sing modern choruses or songs they are backsliding or not true followers of Jesus. We puff ourselves up, desiring wordy songs and head-knowledge and putting others down, not realising that choruses and modern worship can be just a blessing as the old hymns. The beauty of worship is not in the eloquence of the words sung but in singing from the bottom of our hearts! Whether we’re singing a shallow chorus or a deep hymn, this is what really matters. Words are important however; this is something we shall consider in another article.
We must be careful not to keep ourselves in the past and decline to engage with our own time. Hymns are great, the words inspiring, but our failure to modernise, the failure to see past tradition, the failure to really sing aloud from the heart, and the fact that we’re not ‘allowed’ to enjoy ourselves in song can make worship boring and tedious. The failure to recognise that worship is to God, and Him alone, is dangerous; we are swayed by words and traditions, and not by adoration of Jesus.
People often moan at modern-day tunes (which I shall come to next time!), about how the focus is on the tune and the instruments. What they fail to realise, however, is that they do the exact same thing with traditional music, they covert a tune, they covert the instrument and at the end of the day, are like their modern counterparts. Not dissimilar to that of the heavily-harmonised Latin chants (which sound great but are in a foreign tongue), which were very prevalent until the Reformers and men like the Wesley’s unlocked worship for the masses. Well-known tunes combined with powerful Spirit-inspired words – the result: a spiritual explosion!
If we don’t modernise and worship God in the language of our day, then surely we’re no better than those who read and sung in Latin!
The ‘Psalms only’ camp
I have always been confused by certain churches which only sing psalms. They are indeed a rich blessing to those who read or sing them, even many hymns and spiritual songs are based on them. However, they restrict worship, like traditional worship in all its forms, puts God in a box and says this is how you like worship because it’s all I have known. Paul in the New Testament likely quotes songs that were sung by the early church in his letters (e.g. Ephesians 5:14, 2 Timothy 2:11-13,Revelation 19:6-8). People were constantly writing new songs and poems to praise God. So we should understand that music in all its forms can be praise to God. Do not put God into a box, and don’t judge your brothers and sisters in Christ by their music tastes. Read Psalm 150!
Why do we in church, stand so rigid, sing out of key, and generally looked tired or bored? One reason is maybe we stayed up to late the night before, but another reason is because we never let God stir us. Our emotions should represent what our heart fills. In the church, we stand to attention, arms folded, without flinching a muscle. We certainly are not celebrating Jesus and his life. It can be such a sad sight, and one that is not encouraging. Christians, we need to be awake in worship, our forefathers never did this standing-rigid nonsense. It certainly wasn’t like this. We have let society, our culture; expectation and pressure make us like stuffed animals. Wake up! Come to life! Sing with gusto the wonders of His grace!
Yes, but it’s what people want
Finally, hymns are sung because people expect it, because we think their looking for a ‘traditional–style’ church. If we are making ourselves ‘fashionable’ to a type of person, we are doing it wrong. Our focus should always be about praising Jesus and God, giving Him our praise. Everything else is secondary. We should never do something because people expect it (itching ears anyone? [2 Timothy 4:3-4]); but because we love Jesus. If we focus our lives and worship on Christ and lose ourselves in praise and adoration, then surely God will work in us and revival will come.
I think we may find that modern and traditional worship should go hand in hand. But as I conclude this post on traditional worship, let me remind you to look at the old stuff, read it, engage with it. Modernise the tune if you must, but we can learn so much from them if used correctly. Ultimately, it doesn’t matter what tune we use, what tongue or language we worship God with, English, Swahili, even bird-song. He will be glorified, and ultimately, one way or another, every knee will bow to His name. At the same time, traditional churches, do not be afraid of modernising, and do not rely on traditions, do not add things to Jesus. I think when I come to the concluding series, the word ‘balance’, as is key in all the posts found on this blog, will be used and I think in worship we need to find this balance. I love traditional worship, my background is mainly in traditional worship, but I believe we are missing out.
To modern worship leaders, open a hymn book; be inspired by the words that you read. Include hymns in worship; lead the congregation in amazing praise to Jesus, the father and the spirit. Do not be stifled by tradition, but let this be a new era for the church, where old meets new, where the Lord is lifted high, and where we can reach a greater level of unity and not trifling differences separate us. However we worship: if Christ is central and God is glorified, praise Him!