Remembering, Commemorating and Romanticising the Reformation.

Five hundred years ago a big event happened in Europe that changed the course of history forever. Five hundred years ago this month, a monk nailed 95 theses to a door, a move which would shake the foundations of the European world and indeed the global world forevermore. Five hundred years ago, was the beginning of the Reformation.

You will undoubtedly see many a post this month, and probably have seen this year about how important the Reformation was in history. But in this post I would like to offer a warning about romanticising the past, as well as the exciting opportunities and lessons it can give us.

Before we really get going, I feel a brief word about the Reformation is necessary. It was a movement in the late medieval/early modern period of history, mostly in the 16th century, although reverberations continued well into the next. It saw the likes of Martin Luther, John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli and other ‘Reformers’ lead the split from the Catholic Church. Luther famously nailed his 95 theses on a church door, each point showing the wrongdoings of the Catholic Church. It was a time which would see the establishment of the Church of England, the dissolution of the monasteries, as well as bibles being written in common languages, and where God was shown to be a personal God, not a distant one, shrouded in mystery, approachable only through a priest or a ‘Saint’.

The ‘darker side’ of the Reformation

There are many paintings, many lectures, and many stories about the lives of the Reformation brethren. All these include their heroic deeds, the amazing and humble lives they led, and how positive the Reformation was. I’ve read articles on how we should tell our children about them, most fascinating I must say, but there is a danger in this. We romanticise the past, maybe this is because of the Victorian approach to history (Hobsbawm’s Invention of tradition comes to mind) but it should stop. Below are a few reasons why it was not so black and white:

    1. The saints involved were far from perfect, and should not be placed on any sort of pedestal, as some have been. This is painfully ironic as one of the issues the Reformers fought against was the idolisation of past saints; men like Luther and Calvin would probably turn in their graves at the sort of attention afforded to them today.
    2. The Reformation was a torrid time. It brought war, death, disorder to the lives of so many. It was a time of instability. It arguably saw the worst war in European history.
    3. Protestants fought Protestants. It wasn’t as straight forward as Catholic versus Protestant.
    4. The Catholics aren’t the ‘bad guys’. Both sides did terrible things! Both sides also had good godly Christians, who sought to do what was right before the Lord.
    5. Propaganda was one of the most-effective tools at the disposal of different figures and governments. There was a ton of it!
    6. The Reformation saw a rise of witch trials. Mainly this was on nation borders as people divided themselves more and more. This shows us just how divided people were at the time.
  • The Reformation, to a large extent, created the nation states that we know today. Borders were drawn up, and people more divided than ever before.


So what did the Reformation give us?

These are just a few things that show a darker side to the reformation. Nonetheless, despite all of this, the effects of the Reformation were, and still are, amazing; it paved the way for free thought and free press. Sometimes we talk about the spiritual awakening brought by the Reformation, and of course that was tremendous. But when we talk to our non-Christian friends and they talk about history, what do we say to them? God brought light to Europe? He sent his Spirit? Arguments that will never hold up in the present day, because people do not believe in God. We know what God has done, but in an age of evidence and argument, we need to show what God has done; cold hard facts.

So what did come out of the Reformation? Free thought and press would alone give vent to many scientific discoveries and political discussions.   New theories, new theological ideas all came from the Reformation, finally ‘religion’ could no longer control people as it had. It gave a voice to the common person; it allowed them to engage in national debates.

The Reformation would lead to us being able to read, to write, to engage with discussions around us. Now some people take this as people before didn’t know what was going on in their country and what not, and that is wrong. But the Reformation allowed a stronger sense of identity, and protest. It allowed people to read, it would allow people like you and me to actually have an education.

The Reformation quickened superstition’s death. Although witch trials did increase, it did allow eventually for superstition to decrease. And whilst superstition is still around today, ‘touch wood’ and all that; it is nothing like what it was like in the medieval period.

The Reformation induced free trade, and gave way to a bigger and more powerful middle-class. Now, you could be a Marxist or a socialist reading this and think this was more a negative, and to be honest, I do see your point. But what we see is people that were once disregarded in society, elevated to positions such as Parliament, and perhaps giving us greater social mobility, even if it was still very limited. It saw the begins of a capitalist system, which has indeed given us benefits, and even if you are a Marxist reading this, then it is one step closer to communism/socialism!

The Reformation showed us that people can stand up to authority and win. It shows us that we can stand up as the smaller guy and win; it shows us that if there is something you believe in, fight for it, and don’t give up. It gave us people, even if you don’t have a faith, to look at and admire for their bravery. If you are a Christian, then it shows us that anything is possible with God, if he is with us, what can stand against? For the Christian, it put the ‘church’ back in its place, and emphasised a personal relationship with God through Christ, instead of some weird distant god through priests, bishops, indulgences and purgatory. Instead of a wealthy domineering powerbase, the Reformation turned back to the original meaning of ‘church’ in the Bible: ‘congregation’ or ‘assembly of believers’.

And where did all this come from? The Bible, that great book, finally translated into the common languages of the European peoples. The greatest thing the Reformation gave anyone was the Bible finally in their own language.

In fact, the entirety of today’s society is built on the back of the Reformation, on the back of the Bible. Yes, it wasn’t pretty and it wasn’t a picturesque time by any stretch of the imagination, but it gave us things we value so much. The society we live in now comes from the Reformation, and that we can be thankful for that. The fact is, no period in time is lovely, it is all gritty and scary, and that is something Christians need to remember. When we teach our children about it, we have to ensure a balanced approach. Romanticising the past is dangerous, it can lead to misconceptions, and can lead us to living in the past, or our own idealised fantasy world. It can lead us to forgetting the awful things that were done. At the same time, it is an event to celebrate, but always do it in balance.

Five Hundred Years of the Reformation: Recommended Reading Material

October is upon us and this month we are celebrating 500 years of the Reformation, but beyond some random hot-headed monk banging a bit of paper on a church-door and a few fights, what else happened?

It is my aim in this post to list a number of short books on the Reformation and Reformation characters, which everyone should read to give us all a bigger and better picture of what actually happened all those years ago.

What’s the big deal about the Reformation — is it just another word for the Renaissance?

The Reformation had very little to do with the Renaissance, if anything the Reformation was a grassroots movement against the Renaissance, a cultural and philosophical movement characterised by the revival of Græco-Roman ideas and art. The achievement central to the Reformation was the translation of the Bible into the native languages of European peoples, unlocking the eternal word of God for the masses. In my opinion, the Renaissance was mostly intellectual hot-air and risqué art leaving little to the imagination; for a few oily-haired loafers.

‘The Unquenchable Flame’ by Dr. Michael Reeves

I think Dr. Reeves’ work is the best short overview of the Reformation that money can buy. In a lucid and fluent writing style he describes the decline of the Church into immorality and debauchery, and then the spark of flame that set it all off. The book is a gripping read that is completely ‘unputdownable’! The Reformation was a clear work of God from start to finish; He used everyone from prince to pauper, gallant knights to little old monks shuffling around.

So who was this Luther bloke — wasn’t he a civil-rights campaigner?

The 20th century American civil-rights campaigner Martin Luther King actually named himself after the original Martin Luther, the German monk generally accredited with kick-starting the Reformation (although a change had been in the wind for a good few hundred years). However, in many ways, the two men were not dissimilar…

‘The Triumph of Truth: A Life of Martin Luther’ by J.H. Merle D’Aubigné

Martin Luther was a German monk turned Reformer. A promising future as a lawyer was cut short by a thunderstorm and the young German signed his life away to a monastery, and, in his own words, ‘If ever a monk could get to heaven by his monkery, it was I.’ Then the Lord drew Luther’s attention to His word, and therein Luther found the truth. His is a fantastic story interwoven with disguise, deception and betrayal. The Reformation started by Luther banging his Ninety-Five Theses on the church door, and this is quite simply a banging book! I’ve heard it said that more biographies have been written of Martin Luther than any other man, which makes choosing one difficult. But in my opinion, D’Aubigné (haven’t a clue how to properly say his name by the way – I think it could be ‘door-bin-ay’, but I don’t think its ‘dow-big-knee’ as some say) is one of the best, most honest historians covering the Reformation with a number of titles.

I’m a Scot — where does Scotland come into all this?

Scotland! Well, the Reformation shook Europe to the core, and this seismic revolution reverberated around the world; it didn’t take long to reach the glens of Scotland too.
The Reformers were an eclectic bunch, from all walks of life, there were the reflective thinkers, timid by nature who craved the quiet, bookish boffins like John Calvin, Philip Melanchthon and William Tyndale, and then there were the fiery lions like Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and William Farel who all loved a good scrap. But, loud or quiet, they were all thrust into defending and suffering for the gospel. And there was another lion by the name of John Knox who was quite a character, and perhaps did more for the gospel in wee bonnie Scotland than any other man…

‘John Knox: Fearless Faith’ by Steven J. Lawson

This short sharp captivating biography captures the essence of John Knox, as he journeys from bodyguard to galley slave, to displaced exile, doing whatever it takes in order to preach the gospel in his beloved Scotland. Honestly, it is a simply fantastic read and breathtaking introduction to the fiery Scotsman and the Gospel he fought for!

Yeah but what I really wanna know is how the Bible got translated into English?

All in good time, my lad, and it certainly did take time! Several people had a crack at it until Wycliffe got most of it done before he popped his clogs back in the 14th century. Then England had to wait another one-hundred-and-fifty years before a chap by the name of William Tyndale came along. What did he do? Read this book and find out!

‘God’s Outlaw’ by Brian H. Edwards

The life of William Tyndale makes for fantastic reading. Brian Edwards really encapsulates the soul of the man and the King he served. Hunted and on the run in Europe, with the agents of the government after this elusive pimpernel; Tyndale battled tooth and nail to get the Bible translated and printed in English until eventually they nabbed him. From then on, it was only time until he was burnt at the stake; with one last cry, his dying prayer was, ‘Lord, open the king of England’s eyes!’

What happened?

That great womanising buffoon Henry VIII declared that a Bible in English be placed in every church building in the land. Boom!

It’s my belief that William Tyndale did more for the English language and the English Bible than any other Englishman in history. Bold claim? Read the book and see if you agree with me.

So, what is the best way to understand the Reformers?

Read the book that they all fought for, and many of them died for!

What book’s that?

The Bible, you numpty!

It is the greatest book ever written. It has God’s everlasting message of hope and salvation. The greatest thing to come from the Reformation was the word of God in the languages of the people of Europe. When you read it look out for the ‘Five Solas’ of the Reformation (although one’s a ‘Solus’ and another’s a ‘Soli’…). These were the five great truths championed by the Reformers.

Solus Christus – Christ Alone
Soli Deo Gloria – Glory to God Alone
Sola Scriptura – By Scripture Alone
Sola Fide – By Faith Alone
Sola Gratia – By Grace Alone

What should I do now?

Go and read, be educated and uplifted! And pray! We so need another Reformation. A Gospel Reformation, following those Five Solas. We need the name of Jesus Christ to fly like a banner across the sky for all the world to see once again!

Competition time! We would like to offer one reader of the Eat Write Sleep blog the chance to win any two of the books from this article of their choice. All you have to do is post a comment below (or on our Facebook page) with which two books you would like and why. The winner will be decided by lot (the Biblical method!), the books sent by post, and the competition will run until Saturday the 28th of October.

LGBT+ And Christianity: Have We Got It Wrong?

This is a massive subject and not one that I approach lightly, but rather, literally, in fear and trepidation, with a profound sense of its difficulty and sensitivity. It is an issue that needs to be considered by all Christians. We need to clearly define the biblical position. It cannot be handled without touching on certain points which may well cause offence, but I tread as delicately as I dare and attempt to do these subjects as much justice as is possible within a reasonable word-count (which, by the way, has been blown to kingdom come!). I, and others who I have prayerfully tackled this with, have done our utmost to be loving and faithful, to share the amazing love of God and stay true to the Bible, as the final authority on everything.

Three wrong attitudes

Homosexuality and transgender issues are being promoted so rapidly, and sometimes quite forcefully, by progressive liberal Western governments in schools, places of work, in law, and even in churches — that it is vitally important we define the correct and biblical position. Every letter of the initialism LGBT+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and more) is real and we have to recognise that, they aren’t going to go away! Before we go any further we must understand that LGBT is not primarily a political movement, it is a series of enormous issues that affect and have affected many people, including many Christians, globally, throughout history. Many people feel born into the wrong gender or sexuality, and feel they just have to embrace that feeling and turn it into reality; others experiment with gender and sexuality searching for something, some magical key to happiness that will suddenly give life real meaning.

In Christian circles there seems to be at least three incorrect attitudes towards LGBT issues, and particularly homosexuality and the ‘gender revolution’. These have had a seismic impact on our society; even within the last five years so much has changed.

Firstly, there seem to be those who condemn homosexuality and transgenderism in no uncertain terms, and oppose homosexuals and transgender folk every step of the way, shunning them and treating them with contempt and disgust. This sad attitude is perhaps worst expressed by Westboro Baptist Church, a nutty sect in America, infamous for their offensive and downright wrong ‘God hates fags’ banners. Whilst this represents the extreme of this position, the sentiments often expressed privately or thought by individuals holding this sort of view are sometimes not dissimilar. The unspoken thought is worse in many ways, as we lie not only to ourselves but to the world.

Secondly, there are those who go to the opposite extreme and jump on the LGBT bandwagon for all they are worth. Many liberal churches (and indeed much of the Church of England) are now in this position, they follow popular opinion rather than the Bible. ‘God is love,’ they say; ‘He doesn’t mind’.

Thirdly (and I think there are many Christians in this position), there are those who are unsure of their own position, caught between the cross-fires; unwilling to come down on either side for fear of being judged or alienated, they neither speak in favour of LGBT issues or oppose them. They see certain ‘Christians’ loudly condemning homosexuals instead of preaching the gospel and object inwardly but do no more. They view liberal churches on the ‘LGBT bandwagon’ with suspicion and whilst they know that the Bible teaches that homosexual acts are sinful, they fear to speak out. They find it easier to say nothing and do nothing, letting the younger generations struggle on alone.

Well, all of these attitudes are quite plainly wrong. C.H. Spurgeon once somewhat bluntly said, ‘Only blockheads go to extremes,’ and he was quite right. But we don’t need a balance or a middle ground between anti-LGBT and pro-LGBT — we need to take a big step back, put matters into their correct perspective and re-examine our position. And to do that, we start with the Bible…

What does the Bible say?

Sexual identity and gender has been the big question of the last fifty years, but the Bible has all the answers.

The Bible is the eternal Word of God. On it we stand, off it we fall. If we compromise on one biblical truth, we might as well throw it all away. It’s all or nothing.

The Bible isn’t just a list of do’s and don’ts. It is a record of the magnificent plan of salvation God has wrought for His people, it is an open invitation to escape the clutches of sin and death, and join the marriage feast of the Lamb. It is the story of all of us, all humanity, and our past, present and future, whether believer or unbeliever. The Bible is not an encyclopaedia or a series of random old manuscripts stuck together. It is ‘the textbook of life’, says Martyn Lloyd-Jones, with ‘one great message and that message is life and how life is to be lived, how life is to be enjoyed, the object and purpose of life and the way to live it.’

The Bible says that ‘all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God’ (Romans 3:23), and David writes that ‘surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me’ (Psalm 51:5). We are not sinners because we sin; we sin because we are sinners.

In that backdrop, homosexuality and the gender revolution are just more outworkings of the sinful nature of mankind. And here is an important distinction; too often I fear Christians define sin as a list of particular evils to abstain from — e.g. drunkenness, bad language, gambling, etc. — making it out to be single acts of wickedness rather than the underlying problem.
However nowhere does the Bible directly condemn the consumption of alcohol, cursing or gambling. That doesn’t mean they aren’t wrong (of course they are!) but not simply because of what they are, but because of how the heart is in these matters — a heart not set on God — and, one might add cursing often comes from an angry heart, and gambling and drunkenness from a greedy heart.

What is sin then? Sin is rebellion against God (Joshua 1:18). And this all stems from the Fall of Man — the ‘original sin’, and the reason, the only reason, the world is always in such a mess, and always will be, until He comes. Lloyd-Jones defines sin like this: ‘God is to be praised because He is God, and the real essence of sin is not to praise God. […] Sin really means we think we know better than God.’ Read Romans 1:18-32 for a fuller definition. This is the real issue, not whether a person is a homosexual, liar or adulterer. Whilst the Bible is clear that homosexual acts are wrong, it also makes it clear that all sins are as bad as any other (James 2:10) — and everything we do, outside of God, is sin (Romans 14:23). Paul says as much, in that Romans 1 passage:

“Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. They exchanged the truth about God for a lie, and worshipped and served created things rather than the Creator.

“Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones [natural in the sense that biologically we are not designed for same-sex relations]. In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.”

Paul goes on to list the rest of what ‘free will’ got man.

Jesus said: “In the beginning the Creator made them male and female. For this reason, a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.” (Matthew 19:4-5).

Both homosexuality and the gender revolution are perversions of God’s plan for creation and part of the curse on mankind, as is every other outworking of our sinful nature (e.g. sex outside of marriage, as well as non-sexual sins). That is what the Bible says.

Homosexual acts are no different to a lustful glance at a member of the opposite sex. They are both 100% natural to our fallen nature. The fact is, we are all sinners who sin, and there’s no difference between a liar, a practicing homosexual or an adulterer. In many ways these labels are a misnomer – e.g. I’ve lied, I’ve stolen, I’ve blasphemed, that doesn’t mean I’m just a ‘liar’, I’ve broken more than just one commandment! I’m a sinner — full-stop (James 2:11).

It seems some people consider ‘homosexuality’ to be the worst sin ever! Wrong, the worst sin ever and the only sin that cannot be forgiven is the final rejection of the Son (blasphemy against the Holy Spirit).

What about sex outside marriage? Much more prevalent today and much more ruinous than homosexuality and transgenderism to 21st century society; it’s been the break-up of countless marriages and the downfall of many people, including Christians. Yet many Christians turn a blind-eye to it, whilst judging LGBT people!

The bottom-line is we’re all sinners who need Christ. He is God’s way of escape.

The Bible says:

“[The Lord] is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.” (2 Peter 3:9).


“Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.” (1 Corinthians 6:9-11).

And this is the glorious truth! It doesn’t matter what we are, what we have done, we can come to Christ as we are; and with Christ we start totally anew! He is the personification of love and ‘love keeps no record of wrongs’ (1 Corinthians 13:5b), if we are in Him then all is forgiven. ‘For the blood of Jesus cleanses us from all sin!’ (1 John 1:7; also see v.9). Christ is our mediator; He takes on all the wrong and freely exchanges it for His perfect righteousness. We do nothing except believe in Him, as Jonathan Edwards said, ‘You contribute nothing to your salvation except the sin that made it necessary.’ It’s all Christ, and in Him, true contentment and lasting peace is found, for all who will only come to Him. Hugh Latimer once said, ‘[Christ] is but believe and have.’

‘Gay and Christian’?

So can you be a gay Christian? No, I don’t believe you can. Why? Is this narrow-minded and homophobic? No. Let me clarify: The word of God is quite clear — when we become Christians we put off the ‘old self’ and put on the ‘new’ – that is Christ. We no longer define or identify ourselves by what we were, we define and identify ourselves by what we are now — new creations, children of God, joint-heirs with Christ. For more information I would recommend checking out Living Out (an organisation set up by same-sex-attracted Christians). They, and I, don’t believe Christians should hold on to the ‘gay’ label. Our true identity is Christ; everything else is irrelevant — nationality, sexuality, whatever.

Heaven will be full of adulterers, murderers, thieves, rapists, paedophiles and all kinds of wicked people that would send a cold shiver down your spine. Will they be defined by those labels? ‘No!’ they will cry emphatically. ‘We are new creations in Christ, the old has gone, and the new has come! God has forgiven my sin, though it was as red as scarlet, He has made it as white as snow! I am now perfect and spotless through Christ. I did nothing. It was all the grace of God!’ And I’ll warrant there won’t be a dry eye in that glorious place.

Yes, as Christians, we may still struggle with same-sex attraction and all manner of issues, but God promises that: “No temptation has overtaken you except such as is common to man; but God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will also make the way of escape, that you may be able to bear it. (1 Corinthians 10:13).” We are all tempted and whether that temptation is lust for a member of the same- or opposite-sex is irrelevant. ‘Resist the devil and he will flee from you,’ the Bible says (James 4:7b).

Coming to Christ doesn’t mean your problems disappear completely; He just opens our eyes so we see everything in a new light. We then have a Heavenly Father we can call upon (through our mediator – Jesus Christ [1 John 2:1]), who loves to hear our voice, whether it be repentance, praise, petition or thanksgiving. So called ‘gay cure’ techniques clearly miss the bus here; there is no cure for same-sex attraction, as there is no cure for other temptations, outside the grace of God. We will not be completely free from the shackles of sin until we get to glory. What a day that will be!

‘Transgender/Intersex and Christian’?

I believe the same principle applies. However hard it is, God rules, not us. Yes we may experience gender dysphoria and struggle with all sorts of gender or sexuality-related challenges, but God will never forsake us! He made us just as we are, for a reason.

Far too much is made of sex in our world. It is not all! Nor is marriage everything! We shouldn’t push ourselves into a marriage just for the sake of it. ‘I wish all men were as I am,’ writes Paul, unmarried, celibate, 100% content; and a better servant of Christ for it.

What did Christ say…?

“The disciples said to him, ‘[…] it is better not to marry then [in response to Jesus saying divorce is adultery].’

Jesus replied, ‘Not everyone can accept this word, but only those to whom it has been given. For there are eunuchs who were born that way, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by others – and there are those who choose to live like eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. The one who can accept this should accept it.’” (Matthew 10:12).

There is hope for everyone, and that is the fantastic truth of the Gospel. Everything that separates us now, even as Christians, is made irrelevant in heaven:

“There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” (Colossians 3:28).

Again, I believe we cannot then identify as ‘transgender’ — ‘our citizenship is in heaven and we eagerly await a Saviour there, the Lord Jesus Christ’ (Philippians 3:20).

What should Christians do?

There is no place for homophobia or transphobia of any sort in thought, word or action, just as there should not be any place for racism, murder, hatred and etc. Discrimination or bullying of any sort on the grounds of sexual orientation is bang out of order.

What would Jesus, the Son of God, the promised Messiah from ages past, do? He would hang out with homosexuals, lesbians, bisexuals, transgender peeps, just as He hung out with the ‘sinners’ of 1st century Israel. He would ‘look at them and love them’ (Mark 10:21). So what are Christians to do? Emulate Christ. The Bible says: “Whoever claims to live in [Christ] must walk as [he] did,” (1 John 2:6), and, “Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness,” (v.9).

We don’t judge — ‘let he who is without sin cast the first stone’ (John 8:7). We’re sinners too. Everybody is a sinner, whether they are an adulterer, homosexual or transgender too is irrelevant! Who are we to judge? Christ is all the difference! Many people within the LGBT movement are some of the nicest people I have ever met. They aren’t ‘in your face’ and neither should we be with our gay and transgender friends! We have a message of love that we need to preach — really bad news and amazing good news. How do we witness? With ‘gentleness and respect’ or ‘meekness and fear’ (depending on which translation floats your boat! — 1 Peter 3:15).

We should neither oppose LGBT issues nor support them. We support the Bible and serve our King. Where we have an opportunity to defend the Bible we should, although as Spurgeon once said, ‘You do not defend a lion, you just let him loose.’ That is how I have sought to tackle this issue. The word of God is indelibly imbued with the Holy Spirit and will not return to Him void (Isaiah 55:11); let Him do the talking.  However we must be prayerful, careful and wise where we take our stand. We should not seek persecution or ridicule for the sake of it; just as we shouldn’t cause offence for the sake of it or go out on a limb because we feel ‘prompted’ outside the word of God.

The three things we should do are: to love everyone regardless, pray for them regardless, and preach the gospel regardless; and we do all this with the Bible. You go outside it, even momentarily, and you will fail regardless.